The Confederates attacked Fort Sumter by Charleston, South Carolina. The fort was destroyed after two days and the United States surrendered. This was the start of the Civil war.
The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862. Also known as the bloodiest fight on American soil, there were 22,171 soldiers dead, missing, or wounded. The Emancipation Proclamation was released after the union victory, but not without some suffering and losses first.
Battle of Gettysburg
The Siege of Vicksburg was the last big military action in the civil war. The Confederates surrendered after a long 40 days after going low on supplies. The garrison surrendered on July 4th. Because the Union waited it out, they won.
Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Court House
The Emancipation Proclamation, also known as the Proclamation 95, was a proclamation issued under President Abraham Lincoln. It was released January 1, 1863. This released many slaves from slavery, beginning the end of slavery.
The biggest turning point in the war, fought from July 1 to July 3 in 1863. resulted in 51,118 deaths. This battle was mostly melee, however it ended with a Union victory.
Although this was a short battle, it ended in Robert E. Lee's surrender. He lost all hope, and the battle was regarded as the end of the Civil War. Lee surrendered on April 9, 1865 to prevent the loss of any more lives.