Jacob Marley is dead: "Old Marley was as dead as a door-nail."
"A merry Christmas, uncle! God save you!"
Scrooge and Marley
Scrooge and Marley owned a shop, and since Marley's death, Scrooge still kept his name on the sign. Marley was his only close friend and after his death, Scrooge became a much colder man than he was before.
"I wish to be left alone!"
"Oh! But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grind- stone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster. "
Scrooge's nephew wishes Scrooge a merry Christmas, but Scrooge answers him with a disdainful "Bah! Humbug!" He believes Christmas is the same as any day of the year, a day in which one must still pay bills. His nephew, Fred, thinks of Christmas as a "kind, forgiving, charitable, pleasant time." He invites Scrooge to dine with him tomorrow, but his uncle rejects the offer.
" Bah!" said Scrooge, "Humbug!"
"Two portly gentlemen enter and ask Scrooge for charity for the poor. Scrooge believes that prisons and workhouses are sufficient, and he dismisses them.
"You want to remain anonymous?"
Scrooge sees the dead Marley's face in the knocker of his door until it turns back into a knocker: "having his key in the lock of the door, saw in the knocker, without its undergoing any intermediate process of change - not a knocker, but Marley's face.