The protagonist of this story is Tessie Hutchinson. She has tried to go against the system and challenge the logic of the tradition. "Tessie Hutchinson was in the center of a cleared space by now, and she held her hands out desperately as the villagers moved in on her. "It isn't fair," she said."
The antagonist is the rest of the village. Their participation in the Lottery keeps it in the loop. "Although the villagers had forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box, they still remembered to use stones."
The conflict is the Lottery is a dead tradition that serves no purpose to the village then as it did when the original tradition began. The original tradition was for preservation of the crop season. The tradition involves sacrificing a villager for the sake of good crops, however killing someone has no actual connection to how the crops will grow. "Listening to the young folks, nothing's good enough for them. Next thing you know, they'll be wanting to go back to living in caves, nobody work any more, live hat way for a while. Used to be a saying about 'Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon' ... There's always been a lottery,"