At the beginning of the 19th century, European knowledge of geography of Sub-Saharan Africa was still rather limited; it was left to 19th-century European explorers
The Berlin Conference
Henry Morton Stanley, who had in 1871 succeeded in finding and supporting Livingstone led one of the most memorable of all exploring expeditions in Africa, circumnavigating Victoria Nyanza (Lake Victoria) and Lake Tanganyika.
David Livingstone: A Scottish congregationalist pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society and an explorer in Africa, one of the most popular national heroes of the late-19th-century
The Berlin Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference, regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, coinciding with Germany’s sudden emergence as an imperial power.
Africa was divided into 50 colonies. The attendants established who was in control of each of these new divisions. They also planned, noncommittally, to end the slave trade in Africa.
dominating powers of the conference were France, Germany, Great Britain, and Portuga