The Bill of Rights was written to fix the Articles of Confederation to make the power between the states and the central government more balanced. These rights are given to citizens when they are born in America.
I. Protects your freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition for redress of grievances. II. Protects your right to form a militia and your right to keep and bear arms.
III. States that no soldier is to be quarter in any house with out permission of the owner. IV. Protects your right to deny search and seizure with out a warrant.
V. Gives you the right to a jury of your peers, protects you from double jeopardy, you do not have to be a witness to yourself, and you can't be deprived of your 'natural' rights with out warrant or due process. VI. You have the right to a speedy and public trial as well as an impartial jury. You can have witnesses for and against yourself, as well as a counsel for your defense.
VII. If you're going to sue, it must be above the amount of $20 VIII. Bail is not required. There may not be excessive fines or cruel and unusual punishment.
IX. Laws and rules cannot be made unconstitutional X. Defines the powers of the state and people.