The electoral college was created in 1787 by the Constitutional Convention. In article two section one it says electors are based on the number of senators and representatives each state has.
This allows every state to vote for president, but a bigger population has more say and a smaller population has less say.
How many electoral college votes to win the presidency? 270 votes. Advantages of the Electoral College: It promotes small states and prevents big states from overwhelming the popular vote.
Advantages It give a state’s minority interests a say in the national election. Most states award all their electoral votes to the winner of the popular vote. The votes of a small minority in a state can sway the difference in an election. It requires a distribution of popular support. Presidential candidates need national support. With the electoral college the candidates can’t just campaign for popular votes in bigger places.
Disadvantages to the Electoral College: The individual votes feel like they don’t matter. Sometimes a presidential candidate will win the popular vote but lose the electoral vote.
It creates the possibility of a minority president being elected. If you get fewer popular votes, but win 270 electoral college votes, you will win. There is a risk of faithless electors casting ballots. Electoral college voter does not vote for the party they pledged to vote with. .