Protein Synthesis

Protein Synthesis
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  • DNA
  • mRNA
  • A section of DNA containing a gene is copied and a messenger molecule called mRNA is formed.
  • Amino Acids
  • PROTEIN  SYNTHESIS
  • mRNA moves to the cytoplasm.
  • mRNA
  • Cytoplasm
  • (mRNA) is fed through the ribosome 3 bases at a time.
  • mRNA
  • Ribosome
  • A "start" codon begins the process and as each codon of mRNA moves through the ribosome, the proper amino acid is brought into the ribosome by tRNA
  • mRNA
  • Ribosome
  • tRNA
  • Ribosome
  • The ribosome releases the tRNA and binds the amino acids together forming a chain.
  • tRNA
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids
  •  The process continues until a "stop" codon tells the ribosome to complete the chain. 
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