IV- In the original experiment there was no independent variables however later reaearchers introduced IVs for example toughing the learners hand.
DV- The number of shocks given.
Do you want to do this study with me?
ATTENTION ALL MALESWould you like to earn $4.50 by taking part in a study concerning memory and learning?
No, do it without me!
Milgram was inspired by the war criminals of WW11. He wanted to examine the justifications these civilised people gave for contributing to mass genocide. Many people used obedience as an excuse saying that they were only following orders from their superiors.
Milgram's aim was to see if participants would show obedience when told to administer an electric shock to another person by an authority figure. He focused on the internal conflict obedience to authority and a personal conscience.
Draw straws to deicide your roles.
40 males, aged between 20 and 50. Their jobs ranged from unskilled to professional and were from the New Haven area. They were paid $4.50 for turning up. There was also an experimenter (Mr Williams) and learner (Mr Wallace) who were in on the experiment.
Incorrect. You'll now get a shock.
Two rooms in the Yale Interaction Laboratory - one for the teacher and experimenter with the labelled shock generator and one with a electric chair which the learner was strapped to.
At the start of the experiment, they were introduced to another participant (Mr Wallace), who was in on the experiment. They drew straws to determine their roles however this was fixed so that Mr Wallace was always the learner.
I'm the learner.
The participant would ask the learner questions and was told to administer an electric shock if they got an answer wrong. The shock generator had 30 swutches marked form 15 volts (slight shock) to 450 volts (XXX). The learner would maily give wrong answers on purpose and would pretend to be shocked.