During the experiment, the learner would plead to be released and would sometimes complain about a heart condition. Once they reached 300 volts, the learner would bang on the wall and demand to be released and would then be completely silent (which the participant was told to take as a wrong answer).
The extreme willingness of adults to go to almost any lengths on the command of an authority constitutes the chief finding of the study and the fact most urgently demanding explanation.
If the participants stopped or asked if they should continue the experimenter would say a series of commands in an attempt to make them continue.
STRENGTHSReliableQuantative and qualative dataHelped understand HalocaustParticipents de-briefed
65% of participents continued to the highest level of 450 volts. All participants continued to 300 volts. Milgram carried out 18 variations of his study by altering the situation (IV) to see how it affected obedience (DV).
WEAKESSESSubjects felt obliged to continueHigh levels of stressParticipants deceived Sample was biased
People are likely to follow orders when given by someone with authority even to the extent of harming another human being. Obedience is ingrained in us from a young age due to our upbrings.
Milgram in the article 'The Perils of Obediece'
It was reliable as it can be replicted and the results remain consistant as it was a lab experiment so the situation could be controlled. This study had quatitative data so Milgram had data to support his conclusion. It helped to understand how and why the Holocaust happened. All participants were de-briefed to make sure there were no psychological effects.
The Right to withdraw was not made clear to the participents and some felt obligued to continue due to the money. Milgram broke the ethical guideline of 'Protection of subject' as the paticipants experienced extreme levels of stress. The participants were deceived as they didn't know that some people were actors and that the shocks weren't real.