I cannot and will not recant anything, for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I can do no other.
Martin Luther was born in Eisleben, Germany on the 10th of November 1483, he was immediately baptised the day after and later on in life, he decided he wanted to become a monk.
I condemn your writings to be conflicting with the teachings of the Church. You are a heretic and I will excommunicate you in this following year if you shall not recant.
When Luther finished his studies to become a monk, he was sent to Rome on behalf of his monastery and was appalled by the Roman Catholic Church selling indulgences to raise money to rebuild St. Peter's Basilica.
WE ARE PROTESTING AGAINST THE CATHOLIC CHURCH!
Wow, I'm gaining a lot of followers! This is great!
Martin Luther wrote 95 theses and nailed them to the door of Wittenberg Cathedral, attacking Pope abuses and the sale of indulgences. These theses propounded two central beliefs that the bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deeds. These beliefs were the spark of the Protestant Reformation.
Let's change the Latin Vulgate.
Yay! This is finally working!
The Council of Trent
Let's change the number of sacraments to 7!
After publishing his 95 theses, in 1520, the pope condemned his writings as conflicting with the teachings of the Church and named Martin a heretic. Luther did not recant (stop holding his belief) so the pope declared for him to be excommunicated him the following year.
Luther gained many supporters known as Protestants because they protested against the Catholic Church. Those Protestants who followed Luther's ideas came to be known as Lutherans. Luther's ideas spread through printed pamphlets and gaining support through German rulers and peasants who rose up to the feudal lords.
WE ARE LUTHERANS!
Although he was excommunicated and called a heretic, Luther still was able to gain followers and be successful in some of his arguments in his 95 theses. From that, a group of Bishops formed the Council of Trent to meet together to make the set of beliefs in Catholicism even clearer. The council changed the Latin Vulgate, the number of sacraments was fixed at seven, and the indulgences weren't sold anymore.