Mexican-American War

Mexican-American War

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  • EVENT 1: U.S. 'annexes' Texas in March, 1845
  • EVENT 2: Border dispute leads to war in June, 1845
  • EVENT 3: Bear Flag Revolt in Sonoma (near S.F.)
  • People believed that the settlement of land all the way to the Pacific Ocean in hopes of spreading democracy was America's manifest destiny. American was in need of an expansion for more farms, ranches, buisnesses, and ever-growing families so they looked upon the rivers to settle.
  • EVENT 4: General Taylor drives Santa Anna's forces deep into Mexico...Mexico City is taken by Sept., 1847
  • President Polk ordered General Zachary Taylor to send the army to a disputed region, near Rio Grander, in June 1845. Mexico insisted their border to be along the Nueces River but the U.S said the border was more south along Rio Grande.
  • EVENT 5: Treat of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) ends the War & gives the U.S. 500,00 sq. miles of territory
  • When Sonoma was taken by a small group of American settlers on June 14, a while after, to claim the Californio's land, The Bear Flag revolt declared California to be an independent nation. Though many Californians mocked the poorly made flag, stating that it looks more like a pig than a bear.
  • EVENT 6: Gasden Purchase allows the U.S. to purchase even more of Mexico's land in December, 1853
  • Taylor threw Santa Anna out of office. Soon after Santa Anna came after Taylor to Mexico CIty, and the two armies fought at Buena Vista in Feburary 1847. The Mexican Army retreated. 
  • Mexico was forced to give land because of this treaty, known as the Mexican Cession. The lands included were modern day California, Nevada, Utah, most of Arizona and New Mexico. The U.S. payed $15 million to obtain this.
  • The Gasden Purchase caused the U.S. to pay Mexico $10mil., which allowed them to obtain southern parts of present day Arizona & New Mexico.
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