Senator Henry Clay introduced a series of resolutions on January 29, 1850, in an attempt to seek a compromise and avoid crisis between the North and South. As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished.
Compromise of 1850
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed on May 30, 1854 by the U.S. Congress . It allowed people in Kansas and Nebraska to choose for themselves whether or not to allow slavery in their borders. The Act repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which bannedslavery north of latitude 36°30´.
The K-N Act caused tension in Kansas due to opposing opinions on slavery by the people. In May 1856 a pro-slavery mob of more than 700 invaded the town of Lawrence, Kansas, the headquarters of the Free State Party. They ruined printing presses and books. As revenge, John Brown and his group attacked a pro-slavery settlement along Pottawatomie Creek.
Violence in Kansas
I want slavery!
I do not!
Abolitionist John Brown leads a small group on a raid against a federal armory in Harpers Ferry in an attempt to start an armed slave revolt and destroy the institution of slavery.
John Brown’s Raid at Harpers Ferry
Slavery was a prominent issue in the 1850's, dividing the United States, with the northern abolitionists against slavery and the Southerners for it. ... Lincoln, from Illinois, ran in the Republican Party, whose platform stated that slavery would not spread any farther than it already had. Republican Abraham Lincoln defeated Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, and Constitutional Union candidate John Bell.
Election of 1860
When the ordinance was adopted on December 20, 1860, South Carolina became the first slave state in the south to declare that it had seceded from the United States. The document was a protest against the Tariff of 1828, also known as the Tariff of Abominations