Traveling in Ancient Greece was a challenge in several ways. It was difficult for Greeks to travel though both land and water. When traveling by water, ships could sink and crash into the rocky shoreline, while when traveling by land roadways were unpaved which caused sharp rocks to shatter wooden wheels.
Sailing on a Merchant Ship
Farming for Ancient Greeks was difficult for many reasons, but they always found a solution when it was necessary. One issue for Greeks in farming was that there was limited flat land and they did not have enough land to care for cattle. By growing crops that needed less land, building more flat land, and raising sheep which provided wool, milk, and cheese for the people. There were also no major rivers to help agriculture in Greece, so people solved this by settling near the ocean.
It was crucial for the Ancient Greeks to start colonies, for as the populations of their communities increased, the existing farmland no longer produced enough food to feed all of the people. When Greeks began to build these colonies, they began consulting an oracle to ask the gods whether or not they would be successful. Next, they would gather food and supplies which they took from their town's sacred fire in order to start a sacred fire in their new home.
Throughout trade, Ancient Greeks had to travel in ships through sea to get to the different areas to receive the items they needed. Some ancient Greek settlements trades with each other to get the needed goods their environment did not give them. The Greek mainland were traded olive oil and pottery in exchange for grains, timber, and metal. Their journeys were long because the ships could only travel 3-5 miles per hour and navigating the ships were difficult without compasses or charts to tell where they are.