In 1855, politicians asked an engineer named Joseph Bazalgette to draw up plans for a new sewer system to take away sewage from London’s streets. But they put the plans on hold when they found out how much it would cost.
Then, in 1858, a really hot summer caused the stinking River Thames to smell even worse than usual. In fact, the whole of London smelt worse than anyone could remember. People called this ‘The Great Stink’.
After several weeks, Joseph Bazalgette was given £3 million and told to begin his sewer system straight away.
Using 318 million bricks, Bazalgette built 134km of sewers, which could remove 1.9 billion litres of sewage a day. They were finished in 1870 and, when fully operational, cholera never returned to London.
Bazalgette used 318 million of us!!
Other cities soon began building sewer systems too.
New Sewer System For Every City!!
Soon, Parliament introduced all sorts of laws to improve the nation’s health. For example, they gave councils the power to pull down poor quality housing and insisted pavements be clean and well lit.
1. Councils are given the power to pull down poor quality housing.2. Pavements must be clean and well lit.