Eric Blinder, Karen Horberg, Pietro Martini - Social Studies
Punic Wars: a series of wars between Rome and Carthage Eric, Karen & Pietro
Punic means "Phoenician" in Latin. They were responsible for building Carthage.
The wars began when Carthage tried to conquer Sicily, an island just southwest of Italy, sending its armies. Then, Romans also sent their armies to the island. After 20 years of battle, Rome forced them out of Sicily.
The second war started in 218 BC when Carthage, led by a brilliant leader called Hannibal, attacked Rome because he hated the city. He also attacked a Rome's ally in Spain. Then, Rome decided to attack them.
They sent their armies to Carthage, and to defend themselves, Hannibal sent his armies there. Rushing back, his troops were defeated in a battle in Zama.
Finally, somewhat around 140 BC, senators told Romans Carthage was getting strong again. So, they declared war with Carthage, sent an army there, and destroyed it. Then, they burned the city, killed many people, and sold the survivors into slavery. With this win, Rome controlled northern Africa. In the following years, Rome expanded its territory.