Northern Free States: Beliefs about Congressional Power?
Let's all vote against the plan
Northern Free States: Fears about the Compromise?
Southerners outnumbered us!
The Northerners opposed it because they wanted the slavery to end, but if the slavery was not going to end, then it was going to spread to the west.
Southern Slave States: Why did they support it?
The compromise will help us to expand slavery!
Northerners voted against the plan because they thought it was unfair. They believed that the federal government has no authority to pass any law banning or regulating slavery in any way since slaves are recognized as a private property. people living in the state should decide, not Congress.
Southern Slave States: Beliefs about states' rights?
State governments have the right to decide!!!
Northern free states feared because the slavery would take too much power in Congress and outnumber them, and it makes it harder to say and do what they want.
Southern Slave States: Fears about the Compromise?
I hope they don't nullify this one
I know. I feel like they are going to abolish slavery too.
The Southern slave states supported the compromise because it forced citizens to help in the recovery of fugitive slaves and it opened the way for west to expand slavery.
Southern slave states believed that the state government should decide if they are going to be a slave state or a free state to preserve the institution of slavery.
Southerners feared that states could nullify or overturn federal laws they considered unconstitutional. They also feared that slavery would be abolished. The south economy was also worried and mad because there was a protective tariff that supported the North.