The villagers of a small town assemble together in the square on June 27, a beautiful day, for the town lottery. They're only 300 people in this village, so the lottery takes a mere two hours. The children in the village, who have just finished school for the summer, run around collecting stones. They put the stones in their pockets and make a pile in the square. Thereafter, the parents call their children over.
The conflict in the story is the victim that would be chosen and stoned. Most likely killed as well.
Before the stoning, the crowd assembles, Mr. Summers arrives with Mr. Grave holding a black box for the lottery. The box used for the lottery wasn't the original box, as it was lost many years ago. In addition, Mr. Summers replaced the usual wood chips used to write the names down with slips of paper, despite the community wanting to keep the tradition as it is. A night before, the slips of papers containing the names of families are put in the box and stored overnight at Mr. Summers coal company
Tessie Hutchinson arrives late, almost forgetting the lottery was that day. Everyone jokes about her late arrival as she joins the crowd. Mr. Summer reminds everyone of the rules. He will read the names, the family heads must come up to take the paper, and the family heads should not look at the paper until he finishes calling out names. Mr. Summers begins to read out the names.
Mr. Summers finishes reading the names, revealing Bill Hutchinson's family as the victim. Tessie Hutchinson protests that he didn't have enough time to pick a slip of paper, causing it to be unfair. What she says is disregarded as the family comes towards the black box to draw a slip of paper.
Each family member reveals whether they have they do or do not have the black dot. The victim is revealed to be Tessie Hutchinson. She protests again that it wasn't fair. Regardless, the town quickly grabs stones and begin stoning her. "It isn't fair," she protests again, "it isn't fair."