People rushed to factories for jobs when they first opened because they were in desperate need of additional income for their families. (This included women and children along with men.)
Factory conditions were poor, and workers worked for extremely low wages at long hours. Smog filled the air due to the machines. Children were used to fix the machines inside the small parts that adults can't fit into.
This also led to poor living conditions near factories. Homes would be crowded and air would be of poor quality.
Finally, people went on strike and started to protest. They needed a change so that they can live better lives.
We want better wages! We want safer conditions!
Unfortunately, unskilled labor was popular and abundant, so protesters were just replaced or fired.
Get out! You're fired!
The government eventually recognized that a change had to be made. However, it wasn't a big change. The Factory Act of 1833 was passed, limiting the working hours of only children. It wasn't until later that more acts were passed to help improve working conditions for everyone in the factories.
FACTORY ACT OF 1833 ................. ................. .................