History Israel Palestine

History Israel Palestine

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  • Ben gurion's declaration of state of Israel on May 1948 increases Arab hostility to Jews. The King of Jordan announces, 'the only way left for us is war'.
  • on the 15th of May 1948 Iraq, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria attacked Israel. Israel was outnumbered and didn't have weapons therefore they used British weapons found in Israel after the mandate, Arab equipment and smuggled Czechoslovakian weapons.
  • the Israelis managed to take all of the galilee, push Egyptians back to the Sinai desert and the Palestine Arabs to the Gaza Strip. Israel had upto 78% of Palestine which was more than Israel was given after the partition plan.
  • Russia and America accepted the idea of a state of Israel within Palestine. USA was already giving large amounts of financial aid to Israel in order to keep it from becoming communist.
  • the war proved that the Israel army was quite powerful as they had gained more land than they had been allocated in the UN Partition Plan. They now occupied 78% of what used to be Palestine. this lead to compulsory military training for civilians to join the Israeli Defense Force and the Israeli government spending 20%of the budget on arms
  • the war killed 6,000 Jews and forced 800,000 Arabs to leave Israel. this caused massive refugee problems in neighboring Arab countries. in 1950 Israel's "law to return" gave every Jew the right to return to Israel. Israeli government destroyed 80% of Arab villages in Israel.
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