Well, at least now we have one less mouth to feed.
Yay! Now we can go home knowing that our dad isn't dead!
We love our home!
During the Paleolithic times (about 2 million years ago) early humans were nomads hunting animals and gathering plants to eat. Men hunted while women gathered plants. These were difficult times and due to the shortage of food and many people were dying.
Surplus of Food
Hurray! We have food! We're not going to die!
Once the nomads discovered how to farm, the Paleolithic age ended and the Neolithic age (around 8000 B.C.E.) started. Now, instead of traveling all the time, they can settle permanently in one area and start a community. They also learned how to tame animals and use them to help in farming. These changes made life safer and better.
Thank goodness I'm not a farmer. That would be terrible.
Now that the people were no longer moving all the time, they have permanent shelters. Unlike the rough tents they used to have, they made houses with mud bricks. To make their house stronger, they occasionally added sticks and stones to their house. In the house, there were sometimes places to store food in the floor and there were pits in the floor for them to cook. Houses were important because the offered shelter from bad weather and wild animals that wanted to kill them.
What a great deal!
Now that they discovered farming, the people started depending less on hunting animals, and more on planting and harvesting crops. Over time they experimented with seeds to see which ones made more crops. They also learned how to domesticate animals to for their needs. They raised sheep, goats and cows for food. They used the cows and goats for milk. They used mules to help them to carry items and plow fields. This was the first time they had some control over their food supply.
Now that the people have a stable food supply, they were able to have different jobs. They jobs included, farmers, weavers, basket makers, tool makers, and traders. Other than surviving, the Neolithic people wanted to make their environment more beautiful, so they decorated their pottery with shapes and the stoneworkers learned how to turn stones into jewelry and mirrors. Different jobs inspired people to hone their skills.
Paleolithic nomads rarely traded with others, but Neolithic people did. Neolithic people wanted items that would improve their crafts, and these things usually were not in their area. Getting these items were the traders jobs. Traders usually go very far to get these items. They went by foot, by donkey, and even by ship across the Mediterranean Sea. The people wanted things like flint, obsidian, shell ornaments, and hematite. Trade allowed people to get new resources and meet new people.