Gandhi grew up following Hinduism and using non-violence, fasting, meditation and vegetarianism, and at the age 13 he wed in an arranged marriage.
Shortly after the birth of his first surviving son, 18-year-old Gandhi sailed for England to study law. During his three years in London, he became committed to vegetarianism and learning more about world religions. Upon returning to India, Gandhi struggled to find work. He eventually obtained a one year contract to perform legal services in south Africa.
An important moment in Gandhi's life occurred on a train trip to Pretoria. A white man on the train asked him to move from his seat in the first-class area of the train. He had a ticket, but was asked to move. He refused to move so he was forcibly removed from the train. He was determined to devote himself to fighting prejudice through civil disobedience.
In 1930, Gandhi protested Britain's Salt Acts. These laws prohibited the people of India from collecting or selling salt and imposed a heavy tax. In response, Gandhi he planned a 240-mile march to the Arabian Sea. He started out with a small amount of followers. He arrived 24 days later and then broke the law making salt from evaporated sea water. This event caused mass civil disobedience across the country of India and Gandhi along with 60,000 people were put in jail for breaking the Salt Acts.
In 1948, a violent act took the life of Mohandas Gandhi. A Hindu extremist, who was upset at Gandhi's tolerance of muslims, shot him three times. His actions inspired future human rights movements, including those of Martin Luter King, Jr. and Nelson Mandela.