Updated: 4/20/2020
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  • Battle of Shiloh(also known as Battle of Pittsburg Landing)
  • Dates: April 6-7, 1862Total estimated causalities: 23,746Losses for North: 13,047Losses for South: 10,669
  • Who
  • Union
  • Confederates
  • Why
  • The Union victory allowed Ulysses Grant to have greater control of the Mississippi Valley. Vicksburg was the target since it was the last Confederate-controlled place along the Mississippi River. Slowly but surely, Unionists made sure that the Confederates were weakening.
  • What
  • Ulysses S. Grant was the leader for the Unionists. Albert Sidney Johnston was the Confederate leader, but after he died from the Union counterattack, he was replaced by Pierre G.T. Beauregard.
  • Where
  • Union General Ulysses Grant captured Fort Henry on Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on Cumberland. He encamped troops on TN river at Pittsburg Landing, and planned an offensive. They didn't fortify their camps.
  • Results
  • Confederates unexpectedly attacked Union soldiers without waiting for reinforcements. Both sides fought with inexperienced soldiers and Johnston was mortally wounded on first afternoon. Union pulled a counterattack that drove Rebels off the field.
  • This battle occurred in the woods near Tennessee river at Pittsburg Landing.
  • Grant's army pulled counterattack along with reinforcements of Army of the Ohio, under Don Buell, that drove Rebels off the field. The Confederates' defeat ended hopes of blocking the Union advance into northern Mississippi. Definitely was a Confederate failure.
  • Victory
  • Failure
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