General Irvin McDonnell marched to Washington D.C. to seize the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. But was stopped of the Union Army.
Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston fortified the town of Corinth, Mississippi and the Union wanted to reunite the two armies. Buell’s forces finally arrived overnight, and the combined Union force attacked at dawn.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee had decided to take the war to the North. He devised a plan to split his army and take supplies to Maryland, move into Pennsylvania, and threaten Washington, D.C.
Battle of Fort Wagner
These Confederate Victories encouraged Lee to renew his plan to invade the North. Lee prepared for the counterattack but withdrew his forces on the fourth of July, and the Union Army did not pursue. While Meade won the battle and stopped the invasion.
Union General Ulysses S. Grant led an army south on the west side of the Mississippi past Vicksburg to siege the city. General Pemberton surrendered on the fourth of July.
Union Brigadier General Quincy Gillmore sought to advance towards Charleston, SC. This saw the 54th Massachusetts, comprised of African American troops commanded by Colonel Robert Gould Shaw.