When the Civil War broke out, the demand for Texas beef increased rapidly.The confederate army needed to feed the troops. However,as the war dragged on,Texans found it difficult to move their cattle to the front.
Oil field workers often lived in tents or wooden shacks. The dirt nesses opened to serve the growing population.Some,such as stores and hotels, were typical of any town.
Wages and hours for industrial workers varied from job to job.Some workers joined labor unions organizations that supported the interests of workers.Unions pushed for improvements in the hours,wages,and working conditions of laborers.