The Arabian Peninsula is mostly desert with very few oases. People would settlr snd commununties at the oases. Peopld were organized into tribes and class that were led by shskis. Tribes often fought for control of the oases and the training that took place there.
He livid in a poor family and was a trader. He got lucky and you married a wealthy window and merchant named Khadijah. One of the angles named Gabriel told Muhammad that people could achieve salvation, or go to heaven. What happened in Mecca was he had a lot of followers and when he defened
The Quarn is the holly book. According to the Qur´an, God is the creator and is merciful and compassionate. Muslims apply their religious beliefs to their daily lives by followng a set of duties called the Five Pillars of Islam. Each Islamic comminity centers on a mosque, a Muslim place of Worship.
Umayyads and the Abbasids
Right after Muhamnd died the new leadership was Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr was Mahamnd father-in-law. In fact, Abu Bakr crushed the rebellions that could destroyed have destroyed the young state.Also his strong leadership kept Arabia united under Isaim.
In 632, the Muslim state in Arabia almost collapsed when Muhammad died without naming a succesor. The Qur´an forabade the conquering calphs from forcing their new non-Muslim subjects to convert to Islam. Though he ruled for jst two years, he was critical to the survival of Islam. Some people chose to convert to Islam.
The Umayyads establsh a hereditary system of succesion. The last three of the first four caliphs were assassinated. This major division in Islam remain today. However, many Muslims believed that the Umayyads put too much emphasis on gaining waelth and power.