He was a good leader. Every one in that city had a lot of money. His strong leadership preserved, Umayyad power, and all of Muslim Spain was united under his rule by 933. Cordoba because most celebrated as a center of learning. Great Mosque, one of the most beautiful building ever created.
Ottoman Empire steadily declined after the reigon of Suleyman. Its religious tolerance, which helped reduce internal, conflict. Jews and CHristians, played important roles in the Ottaman Empire. Ottoman Empire led more restricted lives than men did.
Science and Philosphy
The Safavid Emipre arose when a youthful leader named Ismail united the the Persian kingdoms into an independent state in 1501. The Safavids and Ottomans went on to fught a long war that lasted more than 100 years. They battle mainly over control of Mesopotamia´s fertile plain. The Safavids actively spread Shi´ite Islam.
Art and Architecture
The Mughals were nomads from Central Asia who invaded India. In 1526, troops headed headed by a Mughal leader named Babur swept out of Central Asia and conquered north and central India. The Mughal Empire reached its peak under Akbar´s grandsom, Shah Jahan, who reigned from 1628 to 1658. The Empire became most famous from its dazzling splendor and waelth.
Medievel times, which spanned from the 500s to the 1500s, saw the rise and fall of many Muslim empires. The field of mathematics provides an important example. The vast extent of these empires and their religious tolerance allowed for a unique blending of cultures. Muslim scholars also built upon ancient learning to extend their understanding of the universer.
In medieval Islamic civilization, beautiful writing appeared not only in books but also in buildings. Those buildings, especially mosques, display many architectural features that were developed from Roman, Egyptian, Byzantine , and Persian models. A typical mosque was topped by a large dome and had one or ore minarets. The inside of a mosque also had distinctve features.