In the mid- 1800s, Europeans and other nations became interested in African lands. They used Direct control whose goal was assimilation.
In 1853 war broke out between the Ottoman's and the Russians. France and Britain helped
They feared that the Russians were becoming too powerful and no longer wanted them obtaining anymore land
The Sepoy Mutiny occurred in 1857. It was between the Britains and the Sepoy's. The Sepoy's did not believe in British rule and decided to rebel
The Suez Canal was built in 1869. It was designed to connect the Mediterranean Sea and the Red sea to make a more direct trade or shipping route.
The Great Game was a race to claim Muslim lands. The race was between the British and the Russians. At the time, the British controlled Afghanistan and they had just signed a peace treaty with the soviet union.
The Berlin Conference
The Berlin Conference was held in 1884 and it was held to decide on how they were to divide Africa.