The East India Company was founded in England in 1559 and soon began building trading warehouses in India.
EAST INDIA COMPANY
At this time, India was not a united country. There were many small states, each with its own ruler. The EIC sometimes asked for permission to trade in Indian states but sometimes it did not.
There was a fierce competition between Britain's and France's EIC which escalated into full scale war. The British also agreed to help Indian rulers who would help them trade and defeat any ruler who blocked the trade.
In 1957, Robert Clive fought with an Indian general to overthrow Siraj-ud-Daura, ruler of Bengal. The battle was won and Siraj-ud-Daura was captured and killed. This gave the British control of Bengal.
Robert Clive was treated as a hero in England. In 1765, he was sent back to Britain to rule over Bengal. Over time, more and more Indian states were under the British control. The French were defeated and pushed out of India.
By 1850, the British ruled about 60% of India. The British banned traditional ceremonies and wanted India to use the British education. Many people did not like the British rule.