The theme of Holes is life can change at any time.
Theme is the lesson or topic of the story
Man vs. Nature because when Zero and Stanley run away from the camp they had to survive in the nature.
Conflict type is the type of forces the struggle to get along.
The story Holes is prose because has no poetry in it except the pig lullaby.
Prose is anything that is not poetry
Indirect Characterization is when you have to use the text to think of personality traits.
"Because there's nothing in his head." This says that Zero not that intelligent.
"Although, instead of the lighting flashing behind the thumb, in Stanley's mind, the lighting was coming out of the thumb, as if it were the thumb of god.", but it was a mountain that's top looked like a thumb.
Figurative language is a language that makes you go beyond literal meaning.
"Whenever anything went wrong, they always blamed Stanley's no-good-dirty-rotten-pig-stealing-great-great-grandfather." This is direct characterization because they give personality traits about his grandfather straight from the text.
Direct Characterization is when in the story it states a personality trait.