The balance between federal and state government was that the federal government has no power over the states government. This type of government was created because the didn't want a strong central government the could act like a monarchy
The Articles of Confederation was the first government article stating what the central government was allowed to do.
A significant weakness of the AoC is the fact that they had no power to tax the states.
This is problematic because the government will have no money.
This is problematic because they can protect the country if they don't have a military
Another significant weakness of the AoC is that didn't have a military to protect the protect the people
The Northwest Ordinance allows for people to become a territory/state. They can become a territory with 5000 people in an area, or they can become a state if they have 60000 people in an area.
One right everyone has in the northwest ordinance is, everyone is is free, there are no slaves
It was illegal to own a slave here
Shays Rebellion was a rebellion caused by poor farmers who's land was being taken due to high debt from the states. It convinced the government that the AoC was a failure because they had no strong central government.