The Patriarch -male leader of a tribal group in charge of their group. Abraham (left), Issac (center), Jacob (right)
Promise Land -Moses (the leader of the Israelites) was 120 yrs. old when he died-- Joshua took over after him. It also took them 40 yrs until they reached the Promise Land.
The Kingdom of Israel and Judah - during Saul's reign as King, the 12 tribes of Israel were dived. the 10 tribes in the north were called Israel, while the other 2 were named Judah.
Greek Empire and Jewish Independence - When the Greeks took over the Jewish, they disrespected their religion by building a alter to worship their god Zeus. The Jewish then formed a rebellion group called the Zealots. They eventually got their independence only to have it be taken away again.
The Roman Empire -The Jewish independence lasted 100 yrs. before the Romans took over. The Romans strategy was to select one of the people from Israel that conquered and allowed them to rule on behalf of them.