Aim- Watson and Rayner wanted to see if they could classically condition a phobic response to a white rat in Albert who was nine months old.
Procedure- Albert showed no fear to all stimuli
Procedure- the loud noise from the metal pole startled Albert the first time. on the third strike of the pole Albert cried, this established the startle reflex.
Procedure- when watson paired the steel bar being hit with little Albert touching the white rat, at first Albert was shocked but after a few more conditioning trials Albert pulled away from the sight of the white rat, showing fear.
17 days later Albert showed signs of generalisation. When little Albert saw anything fluffy he would begin to cry due to the conditioned phobia of the white rat.
Results & conclusion- After 31 days extinction occurred. In conclusion infants can be classically conditioned to develop a phobia