The Persian war was a war between Persia and Greece in several Battles. It started because King Darius wanted to conquer Greece, take its land as an addition to the Persian Empire. Unfortunately, The Persians lost and The Greeks won...
The Greeks fought the Persians, which King Darius put General Datis in charge of the battle. Well, the Greeks won. How? They all formed into a phalanx holding shields and swords/spears. The arrows of the Persians were too light to effect the hoplites.
The battle of Marathon
The Spartans fought the Persians in a passage through the mountains. The Spartans lost all of their soldiers, at the same time the Greeks fled off to the Artemision and planned for their next battle.
The battle of Thermopylae
The Persians fought the Athenians in the battle of Salamis. The Athenians won by trapping the Persians fleets in the strait of Salamis, and Themistocles took them out by luring them. The planning and experience of Themistocles helped the greeks win.
The battle of Salamis
The Persians fought the Greeks for the last time in the Persian war, including the Persians, the Athenians, and Spartans. The Greeks had about 110,000 men from 30 city-states, with the Persians having almost the same amount. But the Greeks' hoplite and phalanx tactics helped them get the final victory over the Persians!
The battle of Plataea
After the aftermath of the persian war, a few 50 years later, (since the war ended in 449 B.C. and the golden age began in 500 B.C) the Athenian golden age began. A clamor of arts, architecture, literature, philosophy, and the great monuments. Yay!