Elephants are one of the endangered species that we researched. It is now illegal to be hunting and killing elephants, but that doesn't stop people from doing it illegally. They are killed mainly for their ivory tusks. A pound of these tusks is worth $1,500, and a single tusk can weigh up to 250 pounds.
Water Scarcity is a very important problem for families and children living in Africa. Water there is very limited. Most of the water that they use isn't even clean water. In America, each family uses about 300 gallons of water a day, in Africa each family uses about 88 gallons per day, and that's only in their household water.
Apartheid is a South African term, it means segregation on grounds other than race. Apartheid was a serious event in history that segregated white and black people once again. But not just whites and blacks, any people of different race or color were separated into four different groups.
An organization called WWF has found many ways to save and protect these elephants. They tranquilize the elephants, load them onto a truck, and bring them somewhere where they will not be hunted. The drive takes 10 hours, but it is worth it because they will help save the endangered species.
Getting water in Africa is not easy at all. Women and their children have to walk hours and hours every day for their families, they aren't even guaranteed water at all, not to mention it is dirty water too. They have to carry large jugs/bins on their heads. Their everyday life depends on this.
After some time, people began to fight back against apartheid. One of the activists was Nelson Mandela. He and a bunch of other political activists started a protest against apartheid. It became violent, and at least 67 blacks were killed, and more than 180 were hurt. Apartheid ended in 1994.