Robert Dinwiddie entrusted the command to a young, ambitious Virginian named George Washington. His troops attacked and defeated a small French force.
In the Ohio River Valley Washington had to surrender when the French counterattacked.
General James Wolfe attacked the stronghold of Quebec in 1759. Wolfe’s men used the cover of night to scale a cliff and occupy it. Marching out of the attack, Montcalm suffered defeat and unfortunately died.
In 1763, the Treaty of Paris ended the war triumphantly for the British. They had driven the French from North America. As a result, the Mississippi River became the boundary between British and Spanish claims in North America.
During the 1760s, the British acted on their own to impose new taxes and new regulations on colonial trade. Those changes angered colonists who wanted to preserve the sort of loose empire that had, for so long, produced benefits with little cost to the British.
NEW TAX LAWS
This anger came at a time when the colonies were beginning to think of themselves as separate from the British. Although an attempt to unite behind Benjamin Franklin for the Albany Plan of Union ultimately failed, attempts were being made by the colonies to come together as one. Such uniting was feared by the British. Benjamin Franklin supported the idea of colonial unity and created the “Join, or Die” political cartoon.