France was involved in the Seven Years' War and the American Revolution; these wars drained most of France's money. In response, France had to heavily tax the peasants.
Execution of Louis XVI
Louis XVI called a meeting for all the Estates to meet; however, on June 20, the Third Estate went to the meeting and found out they were locked out. They went to a nearby tennis court and promised not to disband until a new constitution is written.
Reign of Terror
On July 14, the Third Estate stormed the Bastille in Paris and stole some weapons; this also marked the beginning of the French Revolution.
Rise of Napoleon
In 1791, Louis XVI decided to leave Paris and go to Montmédy to get help against the Revolution; he was noticed and was sent back to Paris. More people started hating the king. On January 15, 1793, Louis was trial and voted as guilty; he was executed 6 days later.
Maximilien Robespierre ordered all the people who didn't support the revolution to be sent to the guillotine. The end of the Reign of Terror was marked by Robespierre being guillotined.
Napoleon was a great military leader. He seized politcal power by overthrowing thegovernment with his powerful military (coup d'etat).