King's main idea is that black Americans can't live their lives comfortably because of the segregation going on within their towns. He states "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere." He believes that a change needs to be made because certain laws being enforced on black Americans are simply unjust.
King's Main Idea
Example of Logos
List of Important "Loaded Words"
King used logos to remind his audience that just because something may be considered legal, it doesn't mean it's 'just'.
"We can never forget that everything Hitler did in Germany was 'legal' and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was 'illegal'. It was 'illegal' to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler's Germany."
By using a biblical reference, King can build his character.
"It was practiced superbly by the early Christians, who were willing to face hungry lions and the excruciating pain of chopping blocks before submitting to certain unjust laws of the Roman Empire."
Example of Ethos
The purpose of using pathos is to convince the audience that black Americans can't enjoy living while they are being segregated and they want a change to be made.
"But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim..."
This appeal is effective because along with the use of loaded words, it inspires the audience to be passionate about working with King for a change. The white audience may feel guilt for how they've treated the black Americans, while the black audience may feel empathy because they've struggled just the same as King.
Most Effective Appeal
I believe the most effective appeal was the use of pathos to evoke emotion from the audience.