The protestant Reformation was a major 16th century European movement aimed initially at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic church. And it all started with the 95 Thesis Martin luther put on the Roman catholic church's door
The renaissance ("re-birth") an era (in the late 14th century through the early 16th century) most famous for its development of thinking and art, music, etc.
The French Revolution was a time in france when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government
The scientific Revolution was a intellectual movement of the 1500's. That focused on advancements in math, physics, astronomy,biology, and chemistry
The enlightenment was period during the 1600's and 1700's in which educated Europeans changed their outlook on life by seeing reason as the key to human progress.
The american revolution was a time when the british colonist in america rebelled against the rule of great britain.
The latin American wars of independence which took place during the 18th and early 19th centuries, were influenced by the French and American revolutions
nationalism is the devotion to the interest or culture of one nations
imperialism is the policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military forces