Senators went to the Senate to discuss important government issues concerning the city of Rome and the vast empire that surrounds it. Senators were retired magistrates and knew a lot about the government of Rome and therefore are ideally suited for this job. It was the job of the Senate to give advice to the two consuls. It is important to note that the word of the Senate was pretty much seen as law. When Rome had an Emperor the Senate still gave advice on governing Rome and the Empire. It seems the Senate never went out of style.
The assembly in Rome is much like the one the Athenians developed. The assemblies were a way of managing the people's wants and needs as well as laws and political matters. The main assembly was the Comitia Curiata. It was composed of curiae, or local groups, that were drawn from three ancient tribes; the Comitia Centuriata was made up of centuries or military personnel, the Concilium Plebis was drawn from the ranks of the plebes (or plebeians), and the Comitia Tributa. Like the Athenian Assembly, it was open to all citizens. In all the assemblies, votes were counted by units or tribes rather than by individuals. This means that a majority prevailed.
During the republic, there came a time that the plebeians had enough of the lack of say in government they had to live with. The struggle that occurs is called "The Conflict of Orders" and it was plebeians vs. partricians. In 494 BCE the plebeians marched out of the city and camped on the hills nearby because they were so angry with the way they were treated. Work in the city stopped and the realization of a defenceless Rome caused the partricians to bargin.
A number of things changed after the plebeian protest, but none were more crucial than the change in laws. The patricians let the plebeians create the tribunes of the plebes. A tribune is someone elected by the plebeians to protect their rights. The Council of Plebs was the lawmaking body that was elected by the plebeians and was made up of plebeians only. The demands of the plebeians are that laws be written down so they cant be changed on a whim. They said that one of the two consuls had to be plebeian. After those happened, the plebeians were able to pass laws for all Roman citizens. This further developed the Roman government and changed the lawmaking system forever.
Laws after protest
I can finially have a peice of government!
I couldn't word it better myself so I got this information from Ancient History Encyclopedia, "The Twelve Tables (aka Law of the Twelve Tables) was a set of laws inscribed on 12 bronze tablets created in ancient Rome in 451 and 450 BCE. They were the beginning of a new approach to laws where they would be passed by the government and written down so that all citizens might be treated equally before them" (1). This means that since the laws are written down, the rights of all citizens could be protected.
After the twelve tables were established and the particians were forced to bargain something very important happened to the plebeians. They were now able to create and approve laws for the assembly. The plebeians could now have more powerful jobs such as magistrates. Now that they could have these jobs the power in Rome was more equal. They could even be senators and make decisions for the city and empire. At long last, they were treated as equals!