The Persian Empire invaded and took over more lands. Many Ionian Greek city-states began to revolt. They asked the Greeks who lived on the mainland for help. Athens was one of the few city-states to help them. The Persian navy acted and fought against the Athenian navy, however they lost. King Darius, the first was so furious that Athens helped the Ionians rebels, he soon declared war on Athens and all their allies in 492 B.C.E.
Cause of the War.
Me too! Let's revolt against their Empire!
I agree! Maybe we could ask the Greeks who live on the mainland to help us! We need a lot more people. Maybe Athens can help us!
Yeah! They have so much land. They have the Fertile Cresent and Asai Minor.
The battle of Marathon continued with Athens and Greeks vs. Persia in 491 B.C.E. Persia wanted to leave Marathon, so they could leave to Athens in hope that they would surrender without their hoplites to protect them. It was difficult to do because the Greeks use their battle formation called a Phalanx, to try and slow down the Persians. A runner named Pheidippides sprinted 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to warn when the Persians would be approaching soon. He yelled, "Rejoice, we conquer!" Then died in 490 B.C.E..
The Battle of Marathon.
Rejoice, we conquer!
After Darius the first died, his son Xerxes took over. He swore revenge on Greece and especially Athens. Together Sparta and Athens united and King Leonidas led his army 300 Spartan warriors in 480 B.C.E. Leonidas and his army helped hold back the Persians. Unfortunately, the Persians eventually murdered his whole army including Leonidas. Then in Athens Themistocles ordered all children and women to evacuate. The men helped fight off the Persians with their warships. However, when Xerxes found Athens empty, he burned it to the groundin 479 B.C.E. His plan was to destroy the Athenians navy and end the war with a win.
Battle of Thermopylae.
THIS IS SPARTA! Come on Athenians, we have to beat Persia. Now hurry up!
I can't believe that Sparta and Athens are allies! We will win!
Themistocles was able to trick Xerxes into thinking that the Athens navy was retreating and so the Persia navy continued to set sails near the island of Salamis in 480 B.C.E. However, because the Persian ships were so huge, the Persian ships had a hard to maneuvering and soon became trapped. This allowed the Greek's small ships to easily smash into the Persian warships. Xerxes was sitting high on a mountain, as he saw his navy being crushed in 479 B.C.E.
Come on men! ATTACK!
So are we!
You tricked me!
Battle of Salamis
We beat the Persians!
After the battle of Salamis, Xerxes and his army retreated, Then Athens and their allies defeated Xerxes army in 479B.C.E. He came home to Persia and never invadded Greece, again.
Battle of Plataea.
Effects of the War.
In the end, after the war, Athens and Sparta both claimed for the defeat of Persia. This caused problems. Sparta became very weak, while Athens became one of the most powerful city - states. Athens created the Delain League which was a protective group to stop Persian, if they invade again. Athens also rebuilt their city - state and it became more beutiful thenever. Athens went into a Golden Age.
Please come and join the Delian League. We are an alliance with other city-states that helps protect each other in case Persia invades again.