Great job everyone! We have officially burnt the White House.
The war of 1812 was fought between the Americans and the British. Even though James Madison wanted to stay neutral between Britain and France, he declared war on June 1, 1812. The purpose of the war was to stop Britain from seizing American ships and giving the Native Americans weapons.
War in the West
One cause of the war was that Britain was supplying the Native Americans with guns and ammunition. Another cause was that Britain was seizing American ships and wasn't letting the Americans sell goods and other war supplies to the French.
War in the South
The British invaded Washington D.C. and burnt down a lot of important buildings including the White House. In addition to this, they attacked and bombed fort McHenry.
Effects of the War
The American victory on September 10, 1813, was fought in Ohio, and gave the Americans control of Lake Erie during the war. This led to another victory on October 5, 1813, which was called the Battle of the Thames. This was where they took control of Detroit, and destroyed their alliance with the Native Americans, ending their hostility.
9 Great Britain ships
6 American ships
Even though it resulted in a victory, this battle didn't need to take place. Britain signed a peace treaty, but news of it didn't reach America in time. Madison called for war because he thought that the British were coming to seize New Orleans and the Louisiana Territory.
There were three main effects of the war. The biggest was that because they had to build more factories, it increased their manufacturing production. Second, it made it easier for Americans to move West, and third, it filled Americans with Patriotism and they were very proud.