Abbey- I’ve always wondered how our Constitution was created from the Articles of Confederation and what made it so much different and better than the Articles.
Abbey- Well what did they do to the Constitution that made it that much better than the Articles?
Abbey- That sounds amazing, Were those the only differences between the Articles and the Constitution?
Grandpa- When creating the constitution there were two sides the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. The Federalist wanted the constitution just how the Constitutional Convention originally created it, but the Anti-Federalists wanted the Bill of Rights to be added to ensure pprotection of their rights, The Anti Federalist managed to win this one and the Bill of Rights was added. But before any of this happened the Declaration of Independence was created to make us separate from Britain and cause us the need to set up our new form of government.
Abbey- How did they manage to fix that?
Grandpa- Well the constitution was created by the convention through a thing called the Great Compromise which took Virginia Plans idea of a bicameral legislative branch and the New Jersey plan and combined them with separation of powers which divided our government into Three Branches of Government. Those three branches are the Legislative Branch who makes the laws, Executive Branch who enforces the laws and Judicial Branch who interprets the laws.
Abbey- After all this, did they have everything right or was there still problems?
Grandpa- Their were a few more problems that were fixed before the Ratification of the Constitution such as a fair way of representation, on one side or small states wanted equal representation but bigger states wanted representation based on population
Abbey- Is it finally all said and done?
Grandpa- There were quite a few parts going into this such as finding out whether slaves should count towards population or not and that's how they came up with the ⅗’s Compromise which made every slave count as ⅗’s of a person towards population. They also managed to make the representation by introducing a bicameral system with a house of representative which was based on population and the other house was called the Senate which had equal representation for all states.
Grandpa- Well it was but there were still a few problems with this and people were concerned that the government or a branch could get too powerful so the constitutional convention created a system of Checks and Balances to keep one branch from getting too powerful.
Grandpa- As a matter of fact, it is, The Constitution was ratified on June 21, 1788, and our Country has been the greatest country on Earth Ever since.