Over many collegiate and professional careers, pitchers experience elbow pain as well as inflammation. These symptoms over a long period of time can lead to increased strain on the UCL and eventually to Tommy John surgery
Tommy John is a surgical procedure in which a healthy tendon extracted from an arm (or sometimes a leg) is used to replace an arm's torn ligament. The healthy tendon is threaded through holes drilled into the bone above and below the elbow.
We will speak of specific cases and advancements throughout the history of the surgery that show how players are getting it safer and also talk about how the injuries leading to these surgeries occur
Over the course of 40 years, medical advancements have turned the surgery from something that potentially ends a players baseball career, to basically giving him a brand new elbow.
Pitcher and position player who have undergone TJ surgery now can have success post surgery unlike before
The length of pitchers careers after Tommy John have gone from being over completely to being lengthened past what they normally would have been as long as they are held to only one surgery
There are many cases that show how Tommy John surgery has progressed over the years and how it will continue to get safer and less risky to athletes, especially pitchers