"The reason why men enter into society is the preservation of their property"(Document 3B).
"Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains"(Document 6B).
Published Works: -Two Treatises of Government (denied the divine right of monarchs to rule. The true basis of government, he wrote, was a social contract, an agreement in which free people give power to a government in exchange for its protections.)
BACKGROUND: -born in the countryside of England. -At the age of 20 he entered Oxford University. -Between 1642 and 1651, during Locke’s child- hood, a civil war raged in England.
Achievements, philosophies, etc: -The true basis of government, he wrote, was a social contract, an agreement in which free people give power to a govern- ment in exchange for its protections(Document 3B).
Background: -Born in Geneva in 1712. -At the age of 30, he established himself as one of the most outstanding philosophers of the eighteenth century.
Published Works: -The Social Contract (Many philosophers believed that only the rule of a monarch would ensure that society is stable and secure. But Rousseau believer that people can be both ruled and be free if they rule themselves.)
Achievements, philosophies, etc. -Rousseau believed that people are born good, independent, and compassionate. -"Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains. One thinks himself the master of others, and still remains a greater slave than they. How did this change come about"(Document 6A)?