We must not let the Compromise go through! It is encouraging the growth of slavery! The Southerners think their slaves are just property, but they are human too.
Northern Free States: Beliefs about Congressional Power?
Does the Compromise even have the authority to decide the fate of slavery in new states?
No of course not; only the Congress holds that power!
Northern Free States: Fears about the Compromise?
What would happen if more slave states were added to the Union?
Well, the balance between slave and free states would be broken, with more slave state representatives in the Senate, giving them a bigger say in matters.
The Northerners opposed the compromise because it would let more slave states enter the Union. Abolitionist sentiment was growing in the North, so if compromise goes through and allows more slave states to be added, slavery would be expanding, which the Northerners were against.
Southern Slave States: Why did they support it?
Yes! We can finally expand slavery to its full extent without the pesky Northerners ruining everything!
Most Northerners were Whigs (descendants from the Federalist party) who believed that the federal government (Congress) was the only one who had the authority to decide the fate of slavery in new states; not a compromise that had land just for adding slave states.
Southern Slave States: Beliefs about states' rights?
No! Slaves are not human beings; they are property, which means we decide what to do with them.
The Northern free states feared that adding more slave states to the Union would upset the balance between slave states and free states in the Senate, with South having an advantage. With this advantage, the South would be able to add more slave states which was exactly what the North was against.
Southern Slave States: Fears about the Compromise?
The law tells where slave states can be added. If people go along with the law, eventually Congress could pass a law that gets rid of slavery completely!
The South supported the Compromise because it allowed more slave states to be added to the Union, and they wanted to expand slavery. This Compromise gave them territory (below the 30 60 line) to do just that.
The South believed that the Congress didn't have the right of banning or regulating slavery in any way. The South also supported the nullification of laws considered unconstitutional and rallied for popular sovereignty.
I am part of the Congress, and we do regulate slavery whether you like it or not.
The Southern slave states feared that the Compromise could possibly decrease the growth of slavery. The law told where slave states could be added, but they feared that eventually, if the people went along with the law, Congress could pass a law that abolished slavery completely.
The compromise is good; it allows us Southerners to expand slavery. But...