Not many words can describe this, but a project for school is good enough.
-Garrett Jones, Max Hasselberg, Zach Myers
Oh no! I, George Washington, need more troops to fill the valence shell of the fifth battalion.
The fifth battalion is Nitrogen
The sixth battalion is Oxygen
Through covalent bonding, I shall combine the fifth battalion with the sixth battalion.
Elements bond because they want a full valence electron shell.
Ionic Bonding is the transfer of electrons between two elements. One element must be a metal, the other a non-metal. When combining elements, you crisscross the charges for each element, which means giving the charge to the other element and showing it as a subscript.
When using transition metals, use the stock system, which is the name of the cation plus the Roman numeral for the charge. An example is Copper plus Chloride. CuCl2 -> Cu(II)Cl.
One example is Lithium Oxide. The formula is LI 1+ O2--> Li2O.
Covalent bonding is when two non-metal electrons bondtogether by sharing electrons to get a full outer shell of 8.
Touse these prefixes in the formula you must write the symbol for the firstelement and replace the prefix with the proper subscript.
Covalent compounds formulas use the prefixes mon=1, di=2,tri=3, tetra=4, penta=5, hexa=6, hepta=7, octa=8, nona=9, and deca=10.
Here is an example let’s say you have two write the formulafor Carbon Dioxide. Carbon would be C and since there are two oxygen atomsbecause it has the prefix di=2 oxygen is O2. Then you simply put thetwo parts together giving you CO2.
Here is an example let’s say you are told to give the Nameof the formula NO. First replace the first elements subscript to the properprefix which is one so we do not need to write it giving us Nitrogen. Then takethe second element and replace the subscript with the proper prefix since it isone and on the second element we use mon and add ide to the ending making itMonoxide. Then we put those together giving us Nitrogen Monoxide.
To use these prefixes in naming you must replace the first elements subscript with the proper prefix. Then you must replace the second elements Subscript with the proper prefix changing the ending to ide.
In ionic bonding, valenceelectrons are transferred from the metal to the non-metal, positively chargingthe metal and negatively charging the non-metal, because they want to get afull outer shell of valence electrons. The metal is giving electrons and thenon-metal is taking them.
In covalent bonding, valence electrons are transferred between two of the same atom or atoms that are close to one another on the periodic table.