Britain spead its economic imperialism in China by controlling the profitable trade of opium and tea.
South Africa (D)
Winning, you say?
China banned the British from trading opium to reduce the number of opium-addicted Chinese. However, the British were angered by this and began the Opium Wars. China lost, and Europeans were allowed more trading rights in China. Britain gained control of Hong Kong.
Britain took over Egypt to settle the unrest interrupting trade and to keep the Suez Canal open.
Britain took control of South Africa by defeating the Dutch in the Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815). The Anglo-Zulu War (1870s) and the Boer Wars (1880, 1881, 1899-1902) were fought to secure British rule. British, Afrikaner, and black Africans lived together in a very racially divided territory of Britain.
Sheesh, all this winnin's got be worn out.
Britain also took over Nigeria, the Gold Cast, and Zimbabwe.
Social Darwinism is a theory created by Charles Darwin that explains how only the strong survive as the weak die off. This "survival of the fittest" idea was used by imperialists to justify their actions by saying that biologically, they should come out on top over the poeple they deafeat.