Rome is on the Italian peninsula. It is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, Adriatic sea, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The Alps and Apennines are the mountain ranges near Rome. The city is built on the Tiber River because a tribe started a village there.
A princess had twins, Remus and Romulus with the god Mars. Her uncle tried to drown them, in a river, but a she wolf rescued them. A farmer then found the boys and raised them as their own. They united with their grandfather and took back their kingdom. In honor of their journey they wanted to build a city on the river where they were found. The twins couldn’t decide to name it Reme or Rome. So they got into a fight, and Remus died. Because Remus died Romulus named the city Rome.
The Etruscan introduced Rome to cuniculus and archways. Cuniculus helped irrigate farmland and deliver water to the towns. Archways helped expand the practice of building bridges and public places.
Greek Writing, Art, Religion
The Etruscan introduced gladiator fighting and chariot racing. Both events often ended in brutal deaths, or execution. Chariot Races were races when one was strapped into a 1-6 horse chariot. Often they would fall out and be dragged or trampled to death. They also practiced slave fighting after a master died, which resulted in deaths. Gladiator battles are when warriors fight others or wild animals. They only ended when one died. One of the most entertaining events for them was to watch people suffer and/or die.
Columns and marble use was very much Greek influenced. Marble was often used to create mainly temples. Later, they used concrete to build massive structures. Greek columns also influenced Rome. Many structures such as the pantheon uses these columns. The Colosseum is also one Rome structure that has a hue of Greece. The Colosseum was a sports arena, used for gladiator fighting.
The Romans used a adaptation of the Greek alphabet, which is in all capitals. Also similar to the Greeks, the Romans would hang up government papers, such as treaties and laws, in public spaces. These documents would be carved on to bronze or stone plaques. Although the gods and goddesses were basically the same as Greek gods and goddesses, the Romans gave them new names. One example is in Greece, Zeus is the chief god, but in Rome, Jupiter is the chief god.