Committee argues on whether or not slaves should be counted as a free white person in terms of population. Slave-holding states argued that they should while those opposed to slavery argued that they shouldn’t.
James Wilson and Roger Sherman proposed the Three-Fifths compromise where a slave is considered as 3/5ths a white person in terms of population. Committee agrees to include the Three-Fifths compromise in the Constitution.
Delegates continue to discuss how the branches should be formatted. William Paterson proposes the New Jersey Plan. The plan was more beneficial to smaller states because the each of the states get one vote so that the states have equal power, unlike the Virginia Plan which gave more power to states with a higher population.
Hamilton proposes the Hamilton Plan which established an extremely strong central government, mirroring the British government (without the monarch), that had an upper house and legislature that would serve on good behavior
Oliver Ellsworth proposes the Connecticut Compromise which incorporates ideas from all three plans. It establishes an upper house (Hamilton Plan) where each state had an equal numbers of delegates (New Jersey Plan) and a lower house with representation based upon population (Virginia Plan). Delegates decide to include the Connecticut Compromise in the Constitution.
Delegates finish the Constitution. They decided that 9/13 states are needed to ratify it.