Fellow Britons, I am disappointed to announce that we have come to an economic crisis and we need to start taxing the colonies so we can get money and continue our affluent lives.
This is just unbelievable! The Americans are beginning to smuggle just because we imposed taxes on them.
Exactly! We have to do something.
We have no other choice but to pass on an act that will stop the smuggling
I think I have got it. Maybe we can transfer the Stamp Act that we have in Britain, to the colonies? You know, the one that people pay taxes for anything that is made up of paper. It has provided us half our revenue. Why wouldn't it work in the colonies so as to fund our troops there?
Well, now that the smuggling has been settles, we need to find a way to increase revenue in the colonies. But how?
I can't believe this is happening. We never send any of our representatives to court!
After the conclusion of the French and Indian war (1754-1763) Britain had a two - sided outcome. On one hand, the war contributed to Britain by providing it with enormous territorial gains and on the other hand, it had got it into a major debt (because they paid the war's expenses), that was almost impossible to pay off - 70 million pounds that doubled their national debt to 140 million pounds.
We have a voice! We will not purchase any of these British goods!
No taxation, no representation!!
The reason why the Parliament decided to pass the Sugar Act was that, Americans were smuggling and the Brits wanted to encourage them to buy British products. This "event" was the first time that the colonists' taxes went straight to the British coffer. The sugar act also set up courts to place smugglers on trial. But only British officials would determine who was guilty and who was not (not the jury of the colonists). This is where James Otis', "Taxation without representation is tyranny" comes in.
Finally!! We did it. We stood up and defeated the Parliament. Now, we do not have to pay taxes!!!
On March 22nd, 1765, the Stamp Act went into effect. It was supposed to raise 45,000, pounds (way too short for the 325,000 needed to fund the British troops in the colonies). But, people already living in England were paying the Stamp Act and it was providing them with half their revenue. The Stamp Act stated that the colonists would have to pay taxes on anything paper they owned or used (paper materials had to be produced on officially stamped paper from Britain). Anyone who violated this act, would go to court with no jury.
Almost every colonist opposed the act. They had arguments which said that they did not send any representatives to the parliament, they had no voice and they were being ignored, and that the Parliament was violating all of the sanctions made with the 13 colonies government'. All over the colonies riots broke out and many British officials were treated horribly. People were hung and houses were literally obliterated by the colonists.
The riots continued for months. The colonists were so angry and unfairly treated that they started to hang British officials and burn them. They invaded the houses of Britons and they destroyed them. The protesters were too strong and the Parliament couldn't do anything. Finally, the Stamp Act was repealed on March 18th, 1766 by the protest of the colonists and an appeal by Benjamin Franklin.